Physical therapy widely known as PT or physiotherapy is the branch of health sciences which mainly focus on muscular dysfunction. Any form of impairment related to mobility of muscles is treated under this section. Physical therapy encompasses the use of many kinds of manual therapy, exercises as well as electrotherapy. The specialists in this field are called a physical therapist. The term physiotherapist is also commonly used in many countries.
Hippocrates and Galen are presumed to be the very first people to practice physiotherapy. It is believed that in 460 BC, they treated people by advocating massage, manual and hydrotherapy. Although Per Henrik Ling is credited for the first documentation. He established the Royal Central Institute of Gymnastics (RCIG) in 1813 for physical exercise and gymnastics. He was given the title of “ The Father of Swedish Gymnastics”. After this institute was founded, more and more people began to realize the importance of physical exercise. The Charted Society of Physiotherapy was opened in 1894O. Other associations were also inaugurated in different countries. Soon after this, physiotherapy was being studied as a separate discipline.
Physiotherapy overlaps with many other departments of Health Science. Professionals in this field may have to correspond with Cardiology, Geriatric, Neurology, Integumentary, Orthopedic, Pediatric, and Sports.
Patients with cardiovascular and pulmonary disorders can benefit from physical therapy. Moreover, it is considered requisite for post or pre-surgery patients to undergo physiotherapy.Manual therapy is utilized to remove lung secretions that accompany cystic fibrosis.
This principally incorporates a wide range of problems people face as the old. The development of body from a healthy adult to aging can be a painful one as aged adults cope with arthritis, osteoporosis and Alzheimer’s disease.
This concerns that conditions of the skin, chiefly burns or wounds. The therapist may use surgical instruments, compression garments, to treat the wound and restore the skin to its original condition.
This field has by far the most extensive use of physical therapy. Most physical disorders are neurological in their nature. Muscular neurology can be considered a sub-branch. This is helpful in treating a patient who suffers from the stroke, facial palsy, or multiple sclerosis.Patients need help to regain their balance, muscle strength and functions of their daily life. In some cases, they need to release speech.
Orthopedic also has a wide application of physiotherapy. Any disorder regarding bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments are treated in this branch. Invalids suffering from sprains, strains, back and neck pain, arthritis and in some cases spinal conditions can benefit from this. Acupuncture, therapeutic exercise, and electric muscle stimulation may be utilized.
The effectiveness of therapy depends on many factors. The most desirable trait that patients try to find in their therapist is communication skill. It is important to explain the condition of the patient in a simple and uncomplicated way to make it more understandable for people who commonly have very little knowledge of medical terminology. The individual practical skill of therapist is obviously important. In addition, a secure and healthy environment make it pleasant to get treatment.